Cheerleading is evolving into a more athletic and competitive sport for many schools. Unfortunately, while overall injury rates among cheerleaders are lower than most other high school sports, the injuries that do occur tend to be more severe. Once considered a sideline activity, cheerleading is evolving into a more athletic and competitive sport for many schools. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission.
Concussions are also becoming increasingly more common in cheerleading. Young men get hurt more than women. Doing too much too soon frequently leads to injury. The revised picture results from a new partnership between the sports injury injries and the National Cheer Safety Foundation, a California-based not-for-profit body created to promote safety in cheerleading and collect data on injuries. Great products! And unlike other sports, cheerleading is a year-round activity, so cheerleaders are practicing and performing longer without as Cheerlesding of an off-season as other sports. Russman says.
Mature fucking animal. Most Common Injuries
Archived from the original on February 26, Collegiate sport rituals Jocks Kiss cam Surf culture Cheerleading and injuries in a year party. As her stunt group was in the process of learning a new skill, Alexa was kicked in the left temple. Never perform stunts on hard, wet or Cheedleading surfaces. Main article: Cheerleading in the United Kingdom. Our sole focus is to Cheerleasing your child or teen play, excel and enjoy the sports they love, including cheerleading. She admitted that after the injury, it was a struggle to get back into it again, but cheer was the only thing she knew. Resources and tips for parents and cheerleading coaches Many injuries in cheerleading can be prevented. Cheerleader Nation is a minute television series based on the Paul Laurence Dunbar High Cheerleaving cheerleading team's ups and downs on the way to nationals, of which they are the three-time champions. This allows for the two, under the same sponsor, to be intermingled. Practice on the day before nationals was extended Bodybuilder male naked they could go over both tumbling and routines.
Here are some of the key statistics about concussions and catastropohic injuries in cheerleading.
- Desert Mountain cheerleaders stand during the national anthem before the football game.
- Cheerleading is often thought of as a sport only for high school and college athletes.
- Our sole focus is to help your child or teen play, excel and enjoy the sports they love, including cheerleading.
- Cheerleading is an activity in which the participants called "cheerleaders" cheer for their team as a form of encouragement.
- This out of common sport might look entertaining, exciting to the spectatators, but in real these athletes involved with the cheerleading act have a great risk to their body, meet with surplus number of cheerleading injuries in their due course of cheerleading span and also many of them meet with an end to their life.
Cheerleading: The Most Dangerous Sport. Cheerleading has become so much more than shouting encouraging phrases from the sidelines. Modern day cheerleading features amazing feats of gymnastics and flexibility along with dance and of course, stunts. A basket toss can send a cheerleader flying 20 feet in the air, only to land in the arms of her teammates, if everything goes right.
Even with human pyramids, choreographed gymnastic passes and more, some might not even consider cheerleading a true sport; in fact the National Collegiate Athletic Association NCAA does not even include it in their list of sponsored sports.
Compared to other sports, the overall number of injuries is actually low. However, cheerleading injuries are often much more severe, making up percent of catastrophic injuries in female athletes. A catastrophic injury is defined as a severe injury to the spine including the spinal cord or brain and may also include skull or spinal fractures. Cheerleading injuries affect all areas of the body. The wrists, shoulders, ankles, head, and neck are most commonly injured. Sprains account for more than half of all cheerleading injuries.
While ankle sprains are most common, sprains can also occur in the knees, wrists, neck and back. Back injuries are also common in cheerleading, largely from tumbling and stunts. Back injuries can be caused by twisting and rotating in stunts or tumbling passes and from lifting, catching, or falling during stunts. Concussions are also becoming increasingly more common in cheerleading. With more evidence of the damage head injuries like concussions can cause, there has now been a heightened awareness of cheerleading related injuries overall.
Stunting accounts for 42 to 60 percent of all cheerleading injuries. In addition, 96 percent of concussions and head injuries in cheerleading are caused by stunts. Without the proper training on how to toss and catch the flyer, along with practice, these injuries will continue to occur. Other stunting restrictions include height restrictions in human pyramids to keep them level and increasing the number of spotters during aerial stunts. Mats should always be used during practice, as cheerleading is one of the only sports where more injuries occur during practice than in competition.
The lack of recognition of cheerleading as a sport has lead to a lack of qualified coaches. At a minimum, a cheerleading coach should know proper stunt technique, should always supervise practice and should be able to identify the symptoms of serious injury like concussions.
Like any other sport, proper training and conditioning can help prevent injury. First and foremost, stretching before practice and competition can loosen the muscles and help prevent strains, sprains and pulls.
Yoga or Pilates can also help cheerleaders improve flexibility. Strength training can also help prepare muscles for lifting either your body weight or a teammate during stunts. Special attention should be paid to strengthening the back and shoulders are well as the core muscles to help reduce the risk of injury. Find activities for kids near you.
More Cheerleading Articles. Look for this banner for recommended activities. Cancel Yes. Join Active or Sign In. All rights reserved. Cheerleading Gymnastics Tumbling. Summer Camps Hiking Camping Fishing. Need Help? By BetterBraces. Share this article. Are you sure you want to delete this family member? Find activities close to home. Activities near you will have this indicator. Within 2 Miles.
Activities near you will have this indicator Within 2 Miles. To save your home and search preferences Join Active or Sign In. To save your home and search preferences. Follow Us. Great merchants! Great products! Great value! See All Benefits.
You can have surgery. Prematurely returning to play after a concussion can lead to another concussion or even death. However, it is becoming more popular among younger athletes as well. It is a condition which can occur due to psychiatric or Apart from the Catastrophic injuries, cheerleading also have risks for the Concussion.
Cheerleading and injuries in a year. Cheerleading: Common Injuries & Risk Factors! Know The Risks The Cheerleaders Take For Life!
The s saw the beginning of modern cheerleading, adding difficult stunt sequences and gymnastics into routines. Cheerleading organizations such as the American Association of Cheerleading Coaches and Advisors AACCA , founded in , started applying universal safety standards to decrease the number of injuries and prevent dangerous stunts, pyramids, and tumbling passes from being included in the cheerleading routines. The NCAA requires college cheer coaches to successfully complete a nationally recognized safety-training program.
Even with its athletic and competitive development, cheerleading at the school level has retained its ties to its spirit leading traditions. Cheerleaders are quite often seen as ambassadors for their schools, and leaders among the student body. At the college level, cheerleaders are often invited to help at university fundraisers and events. Cheerleading is very closely associated with American football and basketball.
Sports such as association football soccer , ice hockey , volleyball , baseball , and wrestling will sometimes sponsor cheerleading squads. In order to prevent injuries, there are certain rules that cheerleading teams have to follow according to their level high school, all-star, or college. According to the Encyclopedia of Sports Medicine, there are two purposes of cheerleading - to cheer on the sidelines for other athletes, and to be a "highly skilled competing athlete.
Along with this evolution to the sport's structure, there have been significant advancements made to the typical cheerleading uniform. What began as the classic sweater and mid-calf pleated skirt uniform has now come to incorporate materials that allow for stretch and flexibility. Uniform changes are a result of the changing culture since the s. Cheerleading may seem like a light-hearted activity to some, but injuries that can come from practice or a competition can be severe if the athlete is not properly trained.
There have been many catastrophic injuries from cheer, especially from tumbling and stunting. Because of the lack of studies on injuries in competitive cheerleading, many injuries that happen could be avoided. Most studies in sports medicine pertaining to cheerleading are focused on whether it is a sport or not. Most American middle schools, high schools, and colleges have organized cheerleading squads.
Many colleges offer cheerleading scholarships for students. A cheerleading team may compete locally, regionally, or nationally, as well as cheer for sporting events and encourage audience participation. Cheerleading is quickly becoming a year-round activity, starting with tryouts during the spring semester of the preceding school year.
Teams may attend organized summer cheerleading camps and practices to improve skills and create routines for competition. Student cheerleaders compete with recreational-style routine at competitions year-round. Teams practice intensely for competition and perform a routine no longer than 2 minutes and 30 seconds.
Like other school-level athletes, teams compete to win league titles, and move on to bigger competitions with the hopes of reaching a national competition. The advantages to a school squad versus an all-star squad is cheering at various sporting events. The tryout process can sometimes take place over a multiple day period.
The cheerleading coach will arrange for a cheerleading clinic, during which basic materials are taught or reviewed before the final day of tryouts. The clinic gives returning cheerleaders and new cheerleaders an equal chance of becoming familiar with the material. Skills that are necessary to be a cheerleader include jumps, tumbling, motions, and dance ability.
Tryouts often take place during the spring, so that the coach has the squad chosen in time to attend summer camp as a team. Middle school cheerleading evolved shortly after high school squads were created. In middle school, cheerleading squads serve the same purpose, and follow the same rules as high school squads.
Squads cheer for basketball teams, football teams, and other sports teams in their school. Squads also perform at pep rallies and compete against other local schools from the area. Cheerleading in middle school sometimes can be a two-season activity: fall and winter. However, many middle school cheer squads will go year-round like high school squads. Middle school cheerleaders use the same cheerleading movements as their older counterparts, yet they perform less extreme stunts.
These stunts range from preps, thigh stands, and extensions, to harder one-legged stunts. In high school, there are usually two squads per school: varsity and a junior varsity. High school cheerleading contains aspects of school spirit as well as competition. These squads have become part of a year-round cycle. Starting with tryouts in the spring, year-round practice, cheering on teams in the fall and winter , and participating in cheerleading competitions.
Most squads practice at least three days a week for about two hours each practice during the summer. Many teams also attend separate tumbling sessions outside of practice. During the school year, cheerleading is usually practiced five- to six-days-a-week. During competition season, it often becomes seven days with practice twice a day sometimes.
The school spirit aspect of cheerleading involves cheering, supporting, and "pumping up" the crowd at football games, basketball games, and even at wrestling meets. Along with this, they perform at pep rallies, and bring school spirit to other students. In May , the National Federation of State High School Associations released the results of their first true high school participation study.
They estimated that the number of high school cheerleaders from public high schools is around , There are different cheerleading organizations that put on competitions; some of the major ones include state and regional competitions. Many high schools will often host cheerleading competitions, bringing in IHSA judges. The regional competitions are qualifiers for national competitions, such as the UCA Universal Cheerleaders Association in Orlando , Florida every year.
All high school coaches are required to attend an IHSA rules meeting at the beginning of the season. This ensures their knowledge of changed rules and their compliance with these rules.
Most American universities have a cheerleading squad to cheer for football, basketball, volleyball, and soccer. Most college squads tend to be large coed although in recent years; all-girl and small coed college squads have increased rapidly.
College squads perform more difficult stunts which include pyramids, as well as flipping and twisting basket tosses. Not only do college cheerleaders cheer on the other sports at their university, many teams at universities compete with other schools at either UCA College Nationals or NCA College Nationals.
This requires the teams to make a 2 minute 30 seconds that is full of tumbling, stunting, basket tosses, and pyramids. Winning these competitions are very prestigious accomplishments and is seen as another national title for most schools. Organizations that sponsor youth cheer teams usually sponsor either youth league football or basketball teams as well.
This allows for the two, under the same sponsor, to be intermingled. Both teams have the same mascot name and the cheerleaders will perform at their football or basketball games. During the early s, cheerleading squads not associated with a school or sports leagues, whose main objective was competition, began to emerge.
The first organization to call themselves all-stars and go to competitions were the Q94 Rockers from Richmond, Virginia , founded in In , the National Cheerleaders Association NCA addressed this situation by creating a separate division for teams lacking a sponsoring school or athletic association, calling it the All-Star Division and debuting it at their competitions. As the popularity of this type of team grew, more and more of them were formed, attending competitions sponsored by many different organizations and companies, each using its own set of rules, regulations, and divisions.
This situation became a concern to gym owners because the inconsistencies caused coaches to keep their routines in a constant state of flux, detracting from time that could be better utilized for developing skills and providing personal attention to their athletes.
More importantly, because the various companies were constantly vying for a competitive edge, safety standards had become more and more lax. In some cases, unqualified coaches and inexperienced squads were attempting dangerous stunts as a result of these expanded sets of rules. The USASF was formed in by the competition companies to act as the national governing body for all star cheerleading and to create a standard set of rules and judging standards to be followed by all competitions sanctioned by the Federation, ultimately leading to the Cheerleading Worlds.
It included teams from all levels, with each winner continuing to the online championships, where teams from across the nation competed to win the Worlds Title. All-star differs from sideline cheerleading because all-star focuses on performing , while sideline cheers for others sport such as football or basketball.
All-star is competitive teams that perform a routine for the purpose of entertainment against other teams, typically in the same divisions, to try to win. The numbers of competitions a team participates in varies from team to team, but generally, most teams tend to participate in eight to twelve competitions a year.
These competitions include locals, which are normally taken place in school gymnasiums or local venues, nationals, hosted in big venues all around the U. During a competition routine, a squad performs carefully choreographed stunting, tumbling, jumping, and dancing to their own custom music. Teams create their routines to an eight-count system and apply that to the music so that the team members execute the elements with precise timing and synchronization.
There are many different organizations that host their own state and national competitions. This means that many gyms within the same area could be state and national champions for the same year and never have competed against each other.
Currently, there is no system in place that awards only one state or national title. Judges at the competition watch closely for illegal moves from the group or any individual member. They look out for deductions, or things that go wrong, such as a dropped stunt. They also look for touch downs in tumbling for deductions.
More generally, judges look at the difficulty and execution of jumps, stunts and tumbling, synchronization, creativity, the sharpness of the motions, showmanship, and overall routine execution. All-star cheerleaders are placed into divisions, which are grouped based upon age, size of the team, gender of participants, and ability level.
The age levels vary from under 4 year of age to 18 years and over. It originally began with "all girl" teams and later co-ed teams began to gain popularity. That being said, the all-girl squad remains the most prevalent. One must get a bid from a company in order to compete at the Cheerleading Worlds.
For example, a team could get a bid from Cheersport, and they compete as a team representing that company. The Cheerleading Worlds are only for teams that are level 5 and up. Professional cheerleaders and dancers cheer for sports such as football , basketball , baseball , wrestling , or hockey.
Although professional cheerleading leagues exist in multiple countries, there are no Olympic teams. In addition to cheering at games and competing, professional cheerleaders also, as teams, can often do a lot of philanthropy and charity work , modeling , motivational speaking , television performances , and advertising.
Americheer :  Americheer was founded in by Elizabeth Rossetti. This means that Americheer events offer bids to The U. Finals: The Final Destination. Including participation from its member national federations reaching 3. In accordance with the SportAccord statutes, the ICU is recognized as the world governing body of cheerleading and the authority on all matters related to it. As of the —17 season, the ICU has introduced a Junior aged team to compete at the Cheerleading Worlds, because cheerleading is now in provisional status to become a sport in the Olympics.
For cheerleading to one day be in the Olympics, there must be a junior and senior team that competes at the world championships. The first junior cheerleading team that was selected to become the junior national team was Eastside Middle School, located in Mount Washington Kentucky and will represent the United States in the inaugural junior division at the world championships.
The IFC objectives are to promote cheerleading worldwide, to spread knowledge of cheerleading, and to develop friendly relations among the member associations and federations. USA's focus is on the game day experience as a way to enhance audience entertainment. This focus led to the first American football half-time shows to reach adolescences from around the world and expose them to American style cheerleading.
USA has choreographed material for professional and competitive cheerleaders alike. USA provides competitions for cheerleading squads without prior qualifications needed in order to participate. To qualify for these events, all teams must submit a video. All of these events air on ESPN. The ATCI is held every year since At the ATCI, many teams from all over Thailand compete, joining them are many invited neighbouring nations who also send cheer squads.
Every year, many teams from all over Asia converge in Tokyo to compete. Countries assemble and send only one team to represent them. Teams from many countries such as Japan, Thailand, the Philippines, and Singapore participated in the ground breaking event.
Every team that attends must qualify and receive a bid at a partner company's competition. Finals - Final Destination. There are nine Final Destination locations across the country. After the regional events, videos of all the teams that competed are sent to a new panel of judges and rescored to rank teams against those against whom they may never have had a chance to compete.
The PFC, operating under the umbrella of the IFC, is the non-profit continental body of cheerleading whose aim it is to promote and develop cheerleading in the Americas. It is made up of approximately 12 different brands that produce everything from competitions to camps to uniforms to merchandise and apparel. Teams must receive a bid from a partner company to attend. Varsity All-Star owns or partners with many of the largest cheerleading events in the country. There is a large debate on whether or not cheerleading should be considered a sport for Title IX a portion of the United States Education Amendments of forbidding discrimination under any education program on the basis of sex purposes.
Supporters consider cheerleading, as a whole, a sport, citing the heavy use of athletic talents   while critics see it as a physical activity because a "sport" implies a competition among all squads and not all squads compete, along with subjectivity of competitions where—as with gymnastics , diving , and figure skating —scores are assessed based on human judgment and not an objective goal or measurement of time. On January 27, , in a lawsuit involving an accidental injury sustained during a cheerleading practice, the Wisconsin Supreme Court ruled that cheerleading is a full-contact sport in that state, not allowing any participants to be sued for accidental injury.
Cheerleading carries the highest rate of catastrophic injuries to girl athletes in sports. Louis on March 5, The accident caused the Missouri Valley Conference to ban its member schools from allowing cheerleaders to be "launched or tossed and from taking part in formations higher than two levels" for one week during a women's basketball conference tournament, and also resulted in a recommendation by the NCAA that conferences and tournaments do not allow pyramids two and one half levels high or higher, and a stunt known as basket tosses, during the rest of the men's and women's basketball season.
The committee unanimously voted for sweeping revisions to cheerleading safety rules, the most major of which restricts specific upper-level skills during basketball games.
Another major cheerleading accident was the death of Lauren Chang. Chang died on April 14, after competing in a competition where her teammate had kicked her so hard in the chest that her lungs collapsed. Of the United States' 2. In the early s, cheerleading was considered [ by whom? The main source of injuries comes from stunting , also known as pyramids. These stunts are performed at games and pep rallies, as well as competitions.
Sometimes competition routines are focused solely around the use of difficult and risky stunts. These stunts usually include a flyer the person on top , along with one or two bases the people on the bottom , and one or two spotters in the front and back on the bottom. The most common cheerleading related injury is a concussion. The journal Pediatrics has reportedly said that the number of cheerleaders suffering from broken bones, concussions, and sprains has increased by over percent between the years of and , and that in , there were 25, hospital visits reported for cheerleading injuries dealing with the shoulder, ankle, head, and neck.
The study asserted that contrary to many perceptions, cheerleading injuries are in line with female sports. The revamped and provocative Dallas Cowboys Cheerleaders of the s—and the many imitators that followed—firmly established the cheerleader as an American icon of wholesome sex appeal.
In addition to R-rated sex comedies and horror films, cheerleaders became a staple of the adult film industry, starting with Debbie Does Dallas and its four sequels. The Dallas squad was in high demand during the late s with frequent appearances on network specials, awards shows, variety programs, commercials, the game show Family Feud and TV series such as The Love Boat. The Positively True Adventures of the Alleged Texas Cheerleader-Murdering Mom is a TV movie which dramatized the true story of Wanda Holloway , the Texas mother whose obsession with her daughter's cheerleading career made headline news.
Cheerleading's increasing popularity in recent decades has made it a prominent feature in high-school themed movies and television shows. In , Hayden Panettiere , star of Bring It On: All or Nothing , took another cheerleading role as Claire Bennet , the cheerleader with an accelerated healing factor on NBC 's hit sci-fi TV series Heroes , launching cheerleading back into the limelight of pop culture.
Claire was the main focus of the show's first story arc, featuring the popular catchphrase, "Save the cheerleader, save the world". Her prominent, protagonist role in Heroes was supported by a strong fan-base and provided a positive image for high school cheerleading.
In , the reality show Cheerleader Nation was featured on the Lifetime television channel. Cheerleader Nation is a minute television series based on the Paul Laurence Dunbar High School cheerleading team's ups and downs on the way to nationals, of which they are the three-time champions. The show also believes that cheerleading is tough. The show takes place in Lexington, Kentucky. Everything from initial tryouts to workout routines and the difficulties involved is shown.
Fired Up! In the supernatural horror-comedy Jennifer's Body , Megan Fox plays a demonically possessed high school cheerleader. The television series Glee featured Dianna Agron as Quinn Fabray , the captain of her high school cheerleading squad, the Cheerios. Since , there are 26, cheerleading injuries in the U. Cheerleading accounts for 66 percent of all catastrophic injuries in high school female athletes over the past 25 years.
Most injuries are sprains and strains to the lower extremities, followed by head and neck injuries. Cheerleading can include fast-paced floor routines and physically demanding skills, including pyramid building and lifting, tossing, and catching athletes in the air. These stunts account for 42 percent to 60 percent of all injuries, and 96 percent of all concussions. Cheerleading is one of the highest risk sporting events for direct catastrophic injuries that can result in permanent brain injury, paralysis or death.
Risk factors for cheerleading injuries include previous injury, cheering on hard surfaces, higher body mass index, performing complicated stunts, and inadequate coaching. As in other sports, cheerleading injury rates increase with competition level and age. Collegiate cheerleaders have a higher rate of injury than middle and high school competitors. Cheerleading should be designated as a sport in all states, allowing for benefits such as qualified coaches, better access to medical care and injury surveillance.
All cheerleaders should have a pre-season physical, and access to qualified strength and conditioning coaches. Cheerleaders should be trained in all spotting techniques and only attempt stunts after demonstrating appropriate skill progression.
Never perform stunts on hard, wet or uneven surfaces. Pyramids should not be more than 2 people high. Any cheerleader suspected of having a head injury should be removed from practice or competition and not allowed to return until he or she has clearance from a health professional.
Materials provided by American Academy of Pediatrics. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.
Cheerleading Injuries | Children's Hospital Colorado
Cheerleading is evolving into a more athletic and competitive sport for many schools. Unfortunately, while overall injury rates among cheerleaders are lower than most other high school sports, the injuries that do occur tend to be more severe. Once considered a sideline activity, cheerleading is evolving into a more athletic and competitive sport for many schools.
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. One recent study shows that cheerleading ranks 18th-lowest out of 22 high school sports in terms of injury rate. But of all the sports studied, cheerleading ranked second — behind gymnastics — in the proportion of injuries that resulted in an athlete being benched for at least three weeks or for the entire season.
When experts categorize concussion risk in sports, they tend to separate them between contact sports or non-contact sports. That risk will vary depending on the type of activity that a person is doing. For instance, swimmers , in general, are considered to be at a very low-risk for concussion.
However, those swimmers who also are divers are at a much higher risk, Dr. Russman says. Whether cheerleading is classified as a sport or an extra-curricular activity varies from state to state. Russman said anyone who suffers a concussion needs to be evaluated by an appropriate concussion provider and allowed proper recovery time before resuming activity. Share this article via email with one or more people using the form below.
Send me expert insights each week in Health Essentials News. Advertising Policy. You have successfully subscribed to our newsletter. Related Articles. Trending Topics.