Abstinence only sexual education-

Federally funded abstinence-only programs use curricula that contain "false, misleading or distorted information about reproductive health," according to a congressional study prepared for Representative Henry A. Waxman D-CA. For example, while abstinence-only classes encourage young people to take a pledge that they will remain virgins until marriage, the Waxman study cites research that indicates "virginity pledgers" are no less likely to engage in premarital sex than their peers. Pledgers have rates of sexually transmitted diseases similar to other teens, and are less likely to use contraception in the event that they do engage in sexual intercourse. The Bush administration distorted science-based performance measures when testing whether abstinence-only programs were proving effective.

Abstinence only sexual education

Abstinence only sexual education

Abstinence only sexual education

But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [ However, the Trump Administration has released a new funding announcement that focuses on programs that teach abstinence instead of comprehensive sex education. Centers for Disease Control, Retrieved October 8, In the U. Sex and HIV Education. Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's Abstinence only sexual education and rights. C Federal judges in each of the four lawsuits ruled in favor of the organizations, allowing the programs to continue until the end of their grant cycle in Kirby, D.

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While most research has shown that giving teenagers access to contraception reduces the likelihood of teen pregnancy, scholars Abstinence only sexual education primarily focused on three birth control methods: oral contraception, long-acting, reversible contraception and emergency contraception. Categories : Sex education Sexual abstinence Sexuality and society Opposition to sex education Young pussy groups problems in medicine. Stein R. The main takeaway: Federal funding for neither program impacted teen birth rates overall. Bisexual and lesbian women started having sex with male partners at a younger age than straight women did. Health Psychology Review. Santelli states that there is no strict definition of abstinence within the US federal government guidelines for teaching abstinence-only sex education, using a mixture of non-specific phrases, like "postponing sex" or "never had vaginal sex ," while also using moralistic terms or phrases like virginAbstinence only sexual educationand "making a commitment". In some schools, teachers have been accused of inflating condom failure rates to discourage use. There were other differences. Retrieved 9 January State Laws and Policies, as of May 1, But the results indicate these programs might increase STD rates in states with relatively small populations.

Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches not having sex outside of marriage.

  • Sex education has been a controversial subject for decades as public school officials and parents have debated the best ways to help teenagers avoid unplanned pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Teen sexual health outcomes over the past decade have been mixed.
  • Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches not having sex outside of marriage.
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Abstinence-only sex education is a form of sex education that teaches not having sex outside of marriage. It often excludes other types of sexual and reproductive health education, such as birth control and safe sex.

Comprehensive sex education , by contrast, covers the use of birth control and sexual abstinence. Evidence does not support the effectiveness of abstinence-only sex education.

The topic of abstinence-only education is controversial in the United States, with proponents claiming that comprehensive sex education encourages premarital sexual activity, and critics arguing that abstinence-only education is religiously motivated and that the approach has been proven ineffective and even detrimental to its own aims. Abstinence education teaches children and adolescents to abstain from sexual activity, and that this is the only certain method of avoiding pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections STIs.

With a heavy focus on the importance of "family values," programs also teach that abstinence until marriage is a standard by which to live. Systematic reviews of research evaluating abstinence-only sex education have concluded that it is ineffective at preventing unwanted pregnancy or the spread of STIs, among other shortfalls. A meta-analysis found that abstinence-focused programs had no effect on the likelihood of contracting STDs. A Cochrane systematic review suggests that abstinence-only education neither increases nor decreases HIV risk in high-income countries.

Evidence does not support abstinence-only-until-marriage sex education. A report by the Guttmacher Institute pointed out that pregnancy rates for teens 15—19 reversed their decline in , near the peak of the Abstinence Only campaign in the United States. While sex education has been linked to a delay in the first time having sex, [20] abstinence-only programs specifically haven't shown this link, and do not seem to influence if or when young people begin having sex. Proponents of abstinence-only sex education argue that this approach is superior to comprehensive sex education because it emphasizes the teaching of morality that limits sex to that within the bounds of marriage, and that sex before marriage and at a young age has heavy physical and emotional costs.

Proponents suggest that comprehensive sex education encourages premarital sexual activity among teenagers, which should be discouraged in an era when HIV and other incurable STIs are widespread and when teen pregnancy is an ongoing concern. Many supporters of abstinence-only education do so out of the belief that comprehensive guides to sex or information about contraceptives will ultimately result in teens actively pursuing and engaging in sexual activities, [16] while others oppose the endorsement of contraception for religious reasons.

As a result, a teenager's sexual desire is something that needs to be controlled. Opponents and critics, which include prominent professional associations in the fields of medicine, public health, adolescent health, and psychology, argue that such programs fail to provide adequate information to protect the health of adolescents.

Not only is information inadequate, but opponents believe that young people have the right to receive comprehensive information about how to protect themselves and their sexual health. Some critics also argue that such programs verge on religious interference in secular education. Opponents of abstinence-only education dispute the claim that comprehensive sex education encourages teens to have premarital sex. According to Advocates for Youth , abstinence-only sex education distorts information about contraceptives, including only revealing failure rates associated with their use, and ignoring discussion of their benefits.

Abstinence-only education is not supported by the majority of public school teachers, parents, and students. The majority in each of these groups is opposed to abstinence-only curriculum and wants a more comprehensive curriculum. Parents also want their children to be taught about contraception. Students are also opposed to abstinence-only education.

Another problem for abstinence education is the definition of abstinence. Santelli states that there is no strict definition of abstinence within the US federal government guidelines for teaching abstinence-only sex education, using a mixture of non-specific phrases, like "postponing sex" or "never had vaginal sex ," while also using moralistic terms or phrases like virgin , chaste , and "making a commitment".

The U. It does so with certain guidelines and restrictions on the recipients. Funding recipients may give information about condoms to youth over 15 years old, but cannot use the funding to provide condoms or promote usage. In countries receiving funds from PEPFAR, teens under the age of 15 are not allowed to receive information about condoms. In the U. Funding, which began in the s, has continued to increase since its inception, though support for the programs and legislation surrounding them has become dependent upon the current administration.

Bush administration increased federal funding for abstinence-only programs the only type funded even under the previous Clinton Administration , while the Obama administration reversed the emphasis and provided more federal dollars for comprehensive sex education.

The Christian Right , who initially stood against having school-based sex education programs, began supporting abstinence-only programs due to the focus on marriage.

Religious doctrines take varying stances on contraception and pre-marital sex, some of which are covered by:. The philosophical sex-positive movement cuts across many religions, and rejects the idea that consensual pre-marital sex or contraception are immoral. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Sexuality portal. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Educational Theory. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy. Archived from the original on Retrieved Health Psychology Review. C Current HIV Research. Sexuality Research and Social Policy. Global Public Health.

Health Economics. American Journal of Public Health. Journal of Adolescent Health. Lay summary — Guttmacher Institute March 8, Sex Education. New York, NY: W. New York Times Magazine. Archived from the original on March 18, Shorto, Russell The New York Times. Policies and programs". National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Homepage of the study. Human Rights Watch. September Journal of Medical Humanities. Columbia Journal of Gender and Law.

Archived from the original on 16 May Retrieved 9 January Nancy Ehrenreich, Ed. New York City, Cohen Cengage Learning. Retrieved October 8, Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual vaginal intercourse.

But occasionally we hear people speak of 'technical virginity' [ Guttmacher Policy Review. New York Times. Human Rights Watch : 1— Keith Alcorn. CROI News. Seattle, abstract , Contemporary Justice Review. E; McFarlane, D. R Publius: The Journal of Federalism. Quarterly Journal of Speech.

New York, NY: Routledge. Journal of Health Communication. Categories : Sex education Sexual abstinence Sexuality and society Opposition to sex education Social problems in medicine. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: archived copy as title Webarchive template wayback links Articles with incomplete citations from April Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April Namespaces Article Talk.

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Homepage of the study. E; McFarlane, D. TPPP supports program implementation and capacity building for grantees, as well as development and evaluation of new approaches to teen pregnancy prevention. Health Psychol Rev 11 1 , They also were more likely to have a greater number of male partners.

Abstinence only sexual education

Abstinence only sexual education

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Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. They usually censor information about contraception and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases STDs and unintended pregnancy. Abstinence-Centered Education— Another term normally used to mean abstinence-only programs. Comprehensive Sex Education teaches about abstinence as the best method for avoiding STDs and unintended pregnancy, but also teaches about condoms and contraception to reduce the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with STDs, including HIV.

It also teaches interpersonal and communication skills and helps young people explore their own values, goals, and options. Abstinence-Plus Education— Programs which include information about contraception and condoms in the context of strong abstinence messages.

Press enter to search. Take Action Join the movement of young people working to protect our health and lives. Our Campaigns Get involved in our campaigns and help ensure young people's health and rights. Donate now Support youth activists working for reproductive and sexual health and rights. Sign up Get text and email updates. Editor: Sue Alford. Next Resource Sign up for Updates. Abstinence-Only-Until-Marriage Education. Teaches that sexuality is a natural, normal, healthy part of life.

Teaches that sexual expression outside of marriage will have harmful social, psychological, and physical consequences. Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

Teaches that abstinence from sexual intercourse before marriage is the only acceptable behavior. Provides values-based education and offers students the opportunity to explore and define their individual values as well as the values of their families and communities. Teaches only one set of values as morally correct for all students. Includes a wide variety of sexuality related topics, such as human development, relationships, interpersonal skills, sexual expression, sexual health, and society and culture.

Limits topics to abstinence-only-until-marriage and to the negative consequences of pre-marital sexual activity. Includes accurate, factual information on abortion, masturbation, and sexual orientation. Usually omits controversial topics such as abortion, masturbation, and sexual orientation. Provides positive messages about sexuality and sexual expression, including the benefits of abstinence. Often uses fear tactics to promote abstinence and to limit sexual expression. Teaches that proper use of latex condoms, along with water-based lubricants, can greatly reduce, but not eliminate, the risk of unintended pregnancy and of infection with sexually transmitted diseases STDs including HIV.

Discusses condoms only in terms of failure rates; often exaggerates condom failure rates. Provides no information on forms of contraception other than failure rates of condoms. Often includes inaccurate medical information and exaggerated statistics regarding STDs, including HIV; suggests that STDs are an inevitable result of premarital sexual behavior.

Teaches that a woman faced with an unintended pregnancy has options: carrying the pregnancy to term and raising the baby, or carrying the pregnancy to term and placing the baby for adoption, or ending the pregnancy with an abortion.

Teaches that carrying the pregnancy to term and placing the baby for adoption is the only morally correct option for pregnant teens.

Abstinence only sexual education

Abstinence only sexual education

Abstinence only sexual education